Tag Archives: Apex

Apex String Methods to Determine Character Types

isAlpha() : This string method will return true, if the string contain only characters.

//Return true
String s1 = 'Biswajeet';
Boolean b1 = s1.isAlpha();
System.assertEquals(true, b1);

//Return false
String s2 = 'Biswajeet Samal';
Boolean b2 = s2.isAlpha();
System.assertEquals(false, b2);

//Return false
String s3 = 'Biswajeet1234';
Boolean b3 = s3.isAlpha();
System.assertEquals(false, b3);

isAlphaSpace() : This string method will return true, if the string contain alphabet and white spaces.

//Return true
String s1 = 'Biswajeet';
Boolean b1 = s1.isAlphaSpace();
System.assertEquals(true, b1);

//Return true
String s2 = 'Biswajeet Samal';
Boolean b2 = s2.isAlphaSpace();
System.assertEquals(true, b2);

//Return false
String s3 = 'Biswajeet1234';
Boolean b3 = s3.isAlphaSpace();
System.assertEquals(false, b3);

isAlphanumeric() : This string method will return true, if the string contain alphabet, numbers.

//Return true
String s1 = 'Biswajeet';
Boolean b1 = s1.isAlphaNumeric();
System.assertEquals(true, b1);

//Return true
String s2 = 'Biswajeet1234';
Boolean b2 = s2.isAlphaNumeric();
System.assertEquals(true, b2);

//Return false
String s3 = 'Biswajeet 1234';
Boolean b3 = s3.isAlphaNumeric();
System.assertEquals(false, b3);

isAlphanumericSpace() : This string method will return true, if the string contain alphabet, numbers and white spaces.

//Return true
String s1 = 'Biswajeet Samal';
Boolean b1 = s1.isAlphanumericSpace();
System.assertEquals(true, b1);

//Return true
String s2 = 'Biswajeet 1234';
Boolean b2 = s2.isAlphanumericSpace();
System.assertEquals(true, b2);

//Return false
String s3 = 'Biswajeet $$';
Boolean b3 = s3.isAlphanumericSpace();
System.assertEquals(false, b3);

isNumeric() : This string method will return true, if the string contain numbers only.

//Return true
String s1 = '12345';
Boolean b1 = s1.isNumeric();
System.assertEquals(true, b1);

//Return false
String s2 = '12.22';
Boolean b2 = s2.isNumeric();
System.assertEquals(false, b2);

//Return false
String s3 = 'Biswajeet1234';
Boolean b3 = s3.isNumeric();
System.assertEquals(false, b3);

isNumericSpace() : This string method will return true, if the string contain numbers with spaces.

//Return true
String s1 = '1 2 3 4 5';
Boolean b1 = s1.isNumericSpace();
System.assertEquals(true, b1);

//Return true
String s2 = '12.22';
Boolean b2 = s2.isNumericSpace();
System.assertEquals(false, b2);

//Return false
String s3 = 'Biswajeet 1234';
Boolean b3 = s3.isNumericSpace();
System.assertEquals(false, b3);

isWhitespace() : This string method will return true, if the string contain only white spaces.

//Return true
String s1 = ' ';
Boolean b1 = s1.isWhitespace();
System.assertEquals(true, b1);

//Return true
String s2 = '';
Boolean b2 = s2.isWhitespace();
System.assertEquals(true, b2);

//Return false
String s3 = 'BISWA 1234';
Boolean b3 = s3.isWhitespace();
System.assertEquals(false, b3);

containsWhitespace() : This string method will return true, if the string contain white spaces.

//Return true
String s1 = 'Biswajeet Samal';
Boolean b1 = s1.containsWhitespace();
System.assertEquals(true, b1);

//Return true
String s2 = 'Biswajeet 1234';
Boolean b2 = s2.containsWhitespace();
System.assertEquals(true, b2);

//Return true
String s3 = 'BISWA ';
Boolean b3 = s3.containsWhitespace();
System.assertEquals(true, b3);

//Return false
String s4 = 'Biswajeet';
Boolean b4 = s4.containsWhitespace();
System.assertEquals(false, b4);

isAllLowerCase() : This string method will return true, if the string contain all characters in lowercase.

//Return true
String s1 = 'biswajeet';
Boolean b1 = s1.isAllLowerCase();
System.assertEquals(true, b1);

//Return false
String s2 = 'Biswajeet';
Boolean b2 = s2.isAllLowerCase();
System.assertEquals(false, b2);

isAllUpperCase() : This string method will return true, if the string contain all characters in uppercase.

//Return true
String s1 = 'BISWAJEET';
Boolean b1 = s1.isAllUpperCase();
System.assertEquals(true, b1);

//Return false
String s2 = 'Biswajeet';
Boolean b2 = s2.isAllUpperCase();
System.assertEquals(false, b2);

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Apex Controller Exception Handling in Lightning Component

When we use an Apex Controller method in lightning JS Controller or Helper, sometimes error occurs on execution of apex method. In lightning response object though the state value comes as ERROR but the message in the error object always says ‘Internal Server Error”. Here is an example to handle the apex exception and how to show custom messages in Lightning Component.

In below example I’ve used Lead object FirstName, LastName, Email & Company Field. In lead object LastName & Company fields are required. If we will submit the form without the required fields, then the apex method will throw the error message, which we can show in lightning component or we can add our custom message there.

Apex Controller:

public class SampleAuraController {
    
    @AuraEnabled
    Public static void createLead(Lead objLead){
        try{
            //Insert Lead Record
            insert objLead; 
        }catch(DmlException e) {
            //get DML exception message
            throw new AuraHandledException(e.getMessage());
        }catch(Exception e){
            //get exception message
            throw new AuraHandledException(e.getMessage());
        }
        finally {
        }
    } 
}

Lightning Component:

<!--Sample.cmp--> 
<aura:component controller="SampleAuraController" implements="flexipage:availableForAllPageTypes,force:appHostable">
    
    <!--Declare Attributes-->
    <aura:attribute name="objLead" type="Lead" default="{'sobjectType':'Lead', 
                                                        'FirstName': '',
                                                        'LastName': '',
                                                        'Email': '', 
                                                        'Company': ''}"/>
    
    <!--Component Start--> 
    <div class="slds-m-around--xx-large">
        <div class="container-fluid">
            <div class="form-group">
                <lightning:input name="fname" type="text" maxlength="50" label="First Name" value="{!v.objLead.FirstName}" />
            </div>
            <div class="form-group">
                <lightning:input name="lname" type="text" maxlength="50" label="Last Name" value="{!v.objLead.LastName}" />
            </div>
            <div class="form-group">
                <lightning:input name="emailId" type="email" maxlength="100" label="Email" value="{!v.objLead.Email}" />
            </div>
            <div class="form-group">
                <lightning:input name="company" type="text" maxlength="50" label="Company" value="{!v.objLead.Company}" />
            </div>
        </div>
        <br/>
        <lightning:button variant="brand" label="Submit" onclick="{!c.handleLeadSave}" />              
    </div>
    <!--Component End-->
</aura:component>

Lightning JS Controller:

({    
    //Handle Lead Save
    handleLeadSave : function(component, event, helper) {
        var objLead = component.get("v.objLead");
        var action = component.get("c.createLead");
        action.setParams({
            objLead : objLead
        });
        action.setCallback(this,function(a){
            var state = a.getState();
            if(state === "SUCCESS"){
                alert('Record is Created Successfully');
            } else if(state === "ERROR"){
                var errors = action.getError();
                if (errors) {
                    if (errors[0] && errors[0].message) {
                        alert(errors[0].message);
                    }
                }
            }else if (status === "INCOMPLETE") {
                alert('No response from server or client is offline.');
            }
        });       
        $A.enqueueAction(action);
    }
})

Output:

LastName Required Field Error Message:

Access Apex Class Properties in Lightning Component

Apex Class:

public class SampleAuraController {
    
    //Properties
    @AuraEnabled public String FirstName {get;set;}
    @AuraEnabled public String LastName {get;set;}
    
    @AuraEnabled
    public static SampleAuraController getData() {
        SampleAuraController obj = new SampleAuraController();
        obj.FirstName = 'Biswajeet';
        obj.LastName = 'Samal';
        return obj;
    }
}

Lightning Component:

<!--Sample.cmp--> 
<aura:component controller="SampleAuraController" implements="flexipage:availableForAllPageTypes,force:appHostable">
    <aura:handler name="init" value="{!this}" action="{!c.doInit}"/>
    <aura:attribute name="obj" type="SampleAuraController"/>
    <!--Component Start-->
    <div class="slds-m-around_xx-large">
        <strong>First Name : {!v.obj.FirstName}</strong>
        <br/>
        <strong>Last Name : {!v.obj.LastName}</strong>
    </div>
    <!--Component End-->
</aura:component>

Lightning Component JS Controller:

({
    doInit : function(component, event, helper) {
        var action = component.get('c.getData');
        action.setCallback(this,function(response){
            var state = response.getState();
            if (state === "SUCCESS") {
                var result = response.getReturnValue();
                component.set('v.obj', result);
            }
        });
        $A.enqueueAction(action);
    }
})

Output:

Get Data From Visualforce Controller Extension Without SOQL Query

When a Visualforce page is loaded, the fields accessible to the page are based on the fields referenced in the Visualforce markup. But we can use StandardController.addFields(List fieldNames) method, which adds a reference to each field specified in fieldNames so that the controller can explicitly access those fields as well.

public with sharing class AccountControllerExt {
    public Account acc {get; set;}
    
    public AccountControllerExt(ApexPages.StandardController controller) {
        List<String> accFieldList = new List<String>();
        //Passing a list of field names to the standard controller
        controller.addFields(new List<String>{'Id', 'Name', 'AccountNumber', 'Website', 'Phone','Type', 'Industry'});
        //Standard controller to retrieve the field data of the record
        acc = (Account)controller.getRecord();
    }
}

Padding String in Salesforce Apex

Left Pad:

leftPad(length): Returns the current String padded with spaces on the left and of the specified length. If length is less than or equal to the current String size, the entire String is returned without space padding.

String name = 'biswa';
String lpName = name.leftPad(8);
System.debug('LeftPad-' + lpName);
System.assertEquals('   biswa', lpName);

leftPad(length, padStr): Returns the current String padded with String padStr on the left and of the specified length. padStr to pad with; if null or empty treated as single blank.

Integer num = 555;
String lpString = String.valueOf(num).leftPad(5, '0');
System.debug('LeftPad-' + lpString);
System.assertEquals('00555', lpString);

Right Pad:

rightPad(length): Returns the current String padded with spaces on the right and of the specified length. If length is less than or equal to the current String size, the entire String is returned without space padding.

String name = 'biswa';
String rpName = name.rightPad(8);
System.debug('RightPad-' + rpName);
System.assertEquals('biswa   ', rpName);

rightPad(length, padStr): Returns the current String padded with String padStr on the right and of the specified length. padStr to pad with; if null or empty treated as single blank.

Integer num = 555;
String rpString = String.valueOf(num).rightPad(5, '0');
System.debug('RightPad-' + rpString);
System.assertEquals('55500', rpString);